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DE-210*F-GMX-20 Ultra Low Vibration Closed Cycle Cryocooler
DE-210*F-GMX-20 Ultra Low Vibration Closed Cycle Cryocooler Disassembled

The CS210F-GMX-20 pairs our largest cryocooler, the DE-210, with our X-20 ultra low vibration interface to offer unprecedented cooling power at nanometer vibration levels.

The CS210F-GMX-20 uses a helium exchange gas to decouple the sample space from the cold tip of the DE-210 cryocooler. This prevents almost all vibration from being transferred to the sample space. Scientists have demonstrated vibration levels as low as 3-5 nm with the CS210F-GMX-20.

Because the exchange gas is inherently less efficient than cooling by conduction, the base temperature of the sample will be 1-2 K higher than the cryocooler. Additionally the DMX-20 interface requires the cold tip oriented downward to facilitate convective cooling of the exchange gas.

The CS210F-GMX-20 is ideally suited for Mössbauer experiments and vibrationally sensitive transport measurements. For optical microscopy applications such as Micro Raman, Micro PL, and quantum dots, the CS204F-DMX-20-OM is preferred. The -OM modification is also available for the GMX-20.

Download CS210F-GMX-20 Data Sheet

  • Mössbauer
  • Low vibration optical experiments
  • Quantum dot
  • Photoluminescence
  • Micro-Raman
  • Micro-photoluminescence (Mirco-PL)
  • Micro-spectroscopy 
  • Magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE)
  • Nanoscience
  • Ellipsometry
  • Ultra low vibrations (3-5 nm)
  • Pop-off optical block for easy in-situ sample change
  • Beryllium and Kapton windows available for Mössbauer experiments
  • Large, clear view optical windows (1.25 in.)
  • Large sample viewing angle for optical collection (F/1.8)
  • Fully customizable
Typical Configuration
  • Cold head (DE-210AF)
  • Compressor (ARS-10HW)
  • 2 helium hoses
  • GMX-20 ultra low vibration interface
  • Stainless steel vacuum shroud for optical and electrical experiments with pop-off optical block
  • Nickel plated OFHC copper radiation shield
  • 2 high purity quartz windows
  • Instrumentation for temperature measurement and control:
    • 10 pin hermetic feedthrough
    • 50 ohm thermofoil heater
    • Silicon diode sensor curve matched to (± 0.5 K) for control
    • Calibrated silicon diode sensor (±12 mK) with 4-in. free length for accurate sample measurement
  • Wiring for electrical experiments:
    • 10 pin hermetic feedthrough
    • 4 copper wires
  • Sample holder for optical and electrical experiments
  • Temperature controller
Options and Upgrades
  • 4 K cold head (0.8 W @ 4.2 K)
  • 450 K high temperature interface
    (Not required with the DMX-20 interface, but the 450 K interface is helpful for high temperature performance)
  • 800 K high temperature interface
  • Custom temperature sensor configuration (please contact our sales staff)
  • Custom wiring configurations (please contact our sales staff)
  • Beryllium windows for Mössbauer experiments
  • Kapton windows for Mössbauer experiments
  • Window material upgrades (custom materials available)
  • Sample holder upgrades (custom sample holders available)

The ARS Advantage

The Ultra Low Vibration Exchange Gas Interface
A Schematic Representation of the DMX-20 Interface

The X-20 interface uses a helium exchange gas to decouple the sample space from the cold tip of the cryocooler. This prevents almost all vibration from being transferred to the sample space. Scientists have demonstrated vibration levels as low as 3-5 nm with the CS202*E-DMX-20.

1. The cryocooler is supported by a floor stand.
2. The soft rubber bellows minimize the vibrations transmitted to the sample while keeping in the helium exchange gas.
3. The X-20 interface has no contact with the cryocooler except through the rubber bellows.
4. The cold tip has 10-30 micron vibrations (depending on CCR model) but no direct contact with the sample space.
5. Convective pockets of helium exchange gas cool the sample space.
6. The sample is only in contact with the X-20 interface.
7. Windows provide access for optical experiments.
8. The X-20 interface is mounted directly on a (user provided) vibration isolation table.

4 K, 5.5 K, 10 K Fine-Tuned For Your Temperature Range
A Selection of ARS Manufactured Displex Cold Heads

The DE-210SF cold head is a precision machine carefully tuned to achieve temperatures below 3 K with 0.8 W of cooling power at 4.2 K.

The DE-210AFcold head is a rugged workhorse built with power and durability in mind, achieving temperatures below 9 K with 4 W of cooling power at 10 K.

High Temperature Options
800K Interface Manufactured by ARS

Our high temperature interfaces use a unique combination of mechanical and thermodynamic properties to create a high temperature thermal disconnect between the cold head and the sample space. This allows for heating of the sample space far in excess of the maximum 355 K temperature of our cryocoolers.

450 K The Easy Way

Our 450 K interface is a simple semi-permanent addition to the cold tip that expands the upper sample temperature range by 95 K utilizing most of the same instrumentation as our standard cryocoolers.

800 K - Pouring on the Heat

Our specially designed 800 K interface goes beyond the standard techniques to provide a unique system that maximizes thermal conduction at low temperatures while minimizing heat transfer at high temperatures. Beyond the safe operating temperature of silicon diodes, the standard sensors are replaced with E-type thermocouples and platinum RTDs.

Wired the Right Way - Your Way
Thermally Anchored Sensor Wiring on the DE-202 Cold Tip

Our technicians painstakingly wrap each cold head for optimum thermal anchoring. We offer you the choice of a variety of wiring options, from our standard offerings of single strand copper and low noise coaxial wiring packages to any number of custom wiring configurations.

Typical instrumentation for temperature measurement and control include one 50 ohm thermofoil heater, one curve matched silicon diode for rough temperature control, and one free length calibrated diode for direct attachment to the sample or sample holder for accurate temperature measurement. Silicon diode sensors are favored heavily for most standard applications because of their low cost, durability, and stability, but we do offer a wide variety of other sensors for different applications such as Cernox sensors for high magnetic fields, E-type thermocouples for 4 K-800 K measurements, and platinum RTDs for accurate high temperature measurements.

Our wide selection of wiring and instrumentation is matched by an equally wide selection of temperature controllers from Cryocon, Lake Shore, and Scientific Instruments.

Specialized Optics For All Applications
DMX-1AL Optical Block

Window Materials for All Transmission Ranges

High purity quartz is the standard window material for most of our optical cryostats, but we have a wide variety of other window materials available, from near IR materials like CaF2 and KBr to far IR and terrahertz like Ultra High Molecular Wright Polyethylene and Picarin, to Kapton, Mylar and beryllium for x-ray experiments. If you don't see the window material you're looking for, please contact one of our sales representatives.

Optimized for Weak Signal Collection with Minimum Heat Load

The tiered optical access of the 1.25" clear view vacuum shroud window and radiation shield optical ports allows for a large cone of optical access (F/1.8) and at the same time limits the area of exposure to 300 K thermal radiation.

Low Stress Window Mounts

Our window ports are designed to gently cradle the window material, creating a low stress seal that limits optical distortions.

A Sample Holder for Every Measurement
SHOE-1C Sample Holder for Optical and Electrical Experiments

Whether the measurement is optical or electrical in nature, the sample large or small, we have a sample holder for almost any measurement. The CS210*F-DMX-20 can accept all but our largest sample holders. Like all of our cold fingers, the DE-210 has a 1/4-28 threaded hole on the cold tip to mount the sample holder. So even if you do not find what you need from our wide variety of sample holders there is always the option of attaching a custom sample holder.

Water Cooled Compressor For Your Convenience
The ARS-2HW Compressor

The water cooled ARS-10HW compressor that powers the DE-210 Series cold heads has many benefits that are amplified in small laboratory settings. The water cooling redirects heat energy that would otherwise be dumped into the lab by a large cooling fan. The lack of a large cooling fan also dramatically reduces the noise of these compressors (only 60 dBA). Additionaly with minimum air circulation, the air currents and dust are kept to a minimum. The high efficiency heat exchanger results in low water usage and saves space inside the compressor, giving it a small footprint.

GMX-20 Specifications

Cooling Technology-
  DE-210 Closed Cycle Cryocooler
  Refrigeration Type Pneumatically Driven Gifford-McMahon Cycle
  Liquid Cryogen Usage None, Cryogen Free
  DE-210AF < 9 K - 350 K
DMX-20 interface adds 1-2K to base temperature
  DE-210SF < 3 K - 350 K
DMX-20 interface adds 1-2K to base temperature
  With 800 K Interface (Base Temp + 2 K) - 800 K
  With 450 K Interface (Base Temp + 2 K) - 450 K
  Stability 0.1 K
  *Based on bare cold head with a closed radiation shield, and no additional sources of experimental or parasitic heat load.
Sample space-
  Diameter 61 mm (2.4 in)
  Height 39 mm (1.53 in)
  Sample Holder Attachment 1/4-28 screw
  Sample Holder View our Sample Holder Collection
Optical Access-
  Window Ports 4 - 90° Apart
  Diameter 41 mm (1.63 in)
  Clear view 32 mm (1.25 in)
  #/F 1.8
  Window Material View our Wide Selection of Window Materials
Temperature Instrumentation and Control (Standard)-
  Heater 1 - 50 ohm Thermofoil Heater Anchored on Cold Tip
  Control Sensor 1 - Curve Matched Silicon Diode
  Sample Sensor 1 - Calibrated Silicon Diode
  Custom Instrumentation Contact ARS for available Options
Instrumentation Access-
  Instrumentation Skirt Bolt-on, Stainless Steel
  Pump out Port 1 - NW-25
  Instrumentation Ports 2
  Instrumentation Wiring Contact our sales staff for wiring options
Vacuum Shroud-
  Material Stainless Steel
  Length 444 mm (17.49 in)
  Diameter 142 mm (5.6 in) (at the sample space)
  Width 124 mm (4.9 in) (at the sample space)
Radiation Shield-
  Material OFHC Copper
  Attachment Threaded
  Optical Access 0, 2, or 4(customer specified)
Cryostat Footprint-
  Overall Length 787 mm (31.0 in)
  Motor Housing Diameter 156 mm (6.14 in)
DMX-20 Sample Vibrations-
  Independent Mounting 3 - 5 nm
  Direct Soft Mount < 140 nm

DMX-20 Vibration Levels

DMX-20 Vibration Data Showing a 3-5 nm Vibration Peak at the Native 2.4Hz Frequency of the Cryocooler

Cryocooler Specifications

Cryocooler Model DE-210AE DE-210SE
  Frequency 60 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz 50 Hz
    Base Temperature < 9 K < 9 K < 3 K < 3 K
    Cooling Capacity- 4.2 K - - 1 W 1 W
  10 K 4 W 4 W 9 W 9 W
  20 K 17 W 17 W 16 W 16 W
  77 K 25 W 25 W 25 W 26 W
    Radiation Shield Cooling Capacity 60 W 60 W 60 W 60 W
       (1st Stage Cooling Capacity at 77 K)        
    Maximum Cylinder Temperature 355 K 355 K
    Cooldown Time- 20 K 35 min 35 min 40 min 40 min
  Base Temperature 70 min 70 min 80 min 80 min
    Weight Expander 14 kg (31 lbs) 15 kg (33 lbs)
Compressor Model ARS-10HW ARS-10HW
    Standard Voltage Min 208 V 190 V 208 V 190 V
  Max 230 V 2210 V 230 V 210 V
    Power Usage Three Phase 7.7 kW 7.7 kW 7.7 kW 7.7 kW
    Dimensions: L 483 mm (19 in) 483 mm (19 in)
  W 534 mm (21.0 in) 534 mm (21.0 in)
  H 618 mm (24.3 in) 618 mm (24.3 in)
    Weight Compressor 113 kg (250 lbs) 113 kg (250 lbs)
    Typical Maintenance Cycle 30,000 hours 30,000 hours
CS210*F-GMX-20 Ultra Low Vibration Closed Cycle Cryocooler

Full Cryostat

Typical Ultra Low Vibration Closed Cycle Cryocooler Installation

A Typical DMX-20 Installation

ARS-10HW Water Coold Helium Compressor


Click on the images for full size.