CS204*B UHV Cryostat
The ARS manufactured CS204*B is a medium cooling power, true UHV cold head (10-11 Torr) where all of the rubber o-ring seals have been replaced with welded joints and metal seals. A CF flange is welded directly to the cryocooler.
This true UHV system is bakeable to 80 C, and the 10 K CS204AB is bakeable to 200 C if the displacer is removed. (Special training required.)
Cold tip extensions are available to put the sample right where it is needed in the chamber.
- Surface science
- UHV manipulator for XYZ motion
- Photoemission spectroscopy
- Nozzle cooling
- True UHV (10-11 Torr)
- Open sample space
- Optional cold tip extensions
- Cryogen free
- Operation in any orientation
- Fully customizable
- Cold head (DE-204AB)
- Compressor (ARS-4HW)
- 2 helium hoses
- True UHV welded stainless steel instrumentation skirt with 6 in. rotatable CF flange
- Nickel plated OFHC copper radiation shield terminating 0.125 in. short of the cold tip
- Instrumentation for temperature measurement and control:
- 10 pin UHV feedthrough
- 50 ohm thermofoil heater
- Silicon diode sensor curve matched to (± 0.5 K) for control
- Calibrated silicon diode sensor (±12 mK) with 4 in. free length for accurate for sample measurement
- Wiring for electrical experiments:
- 10 pin feedthrough
- 4 copper wires
- Sample holder for optical and electrical experiments
- Temperature controller
Options and Upgrades
- UHV low vibration interface (secondary product image)
- 4.5 and 8 in. rotatable CF flanges available
- 4 K cold head (0.2 W @ 4.2 K)
- 5.5 K cold head (3 W @ 10 K)
- Turbo upgrade for faster cooldown times
- 450 K high temperature interface
- 800 K high temperature interface
- Custom temperature sensor configuration (please contact our sales staff)
- Custom wiring configurations (please contact our sales staff)
- Sample holder upgrades (custom sample holders available)
The ARS Advantage
The DE-204SB cold head is a precision machine carefully tuned to achieve temperatures below 4 K with 0.2 W of cooling power at 4.2 K.
The DE-204ABcold head is a rugged workhorse built with power and durability in mind, achieving temperatures below 9 K with 2 W of cooling power at 10 K.
The DE-204PB cold head is a hybrid of the the 4 K and 10 K philosophies, achieving a balance that exhibits the best of both worlds, with temperatures below 5.5 K and 3 W of cooling power at 10 K.
Our high temperature interfaces use a unique combination of mechanical and thermodynamic properties to create a high temperature thermal disconnect between the cold head and the sample space. This allows for heating of the sample space far in excess of the maximum 355 K temperature of our cryocoolers.
450 K The Easy Way
Our 450 K interface is a simple semi-permanent addition to the cold tip that expands the upper sample temperature range by 95 K utilizing most of the same instrumentation as our standard cryocoolers.
800 K - Pouring on the Heat
Our specially designed 800 K interface goes beyond the standard techniques to provide a unique system that maximizes thermal conduction at low temperatures while minimizing heat transfer at high temperatures. Beyond the safe operating temperature of silicon diodes, the standard sensors are replaced with E-type thermocouples and platinum RTDs.
Our technicians painstakingly wrap each cold head for optimum thermal anchoring. We offer you the choice of a variety of wiring options, from our standard offerings of single strand copper and low noise coaxial wiring packages to any number of custom wiring configurations.
Typical instrumentation for temperature measurement and control include one 50 ohm thermofoil heater, one curve matched silicon diode for rough temperature control, and one free length calibrated diode for direct attachment to the sample or sample holder for accurate temperature measurement. Silicon diode sensors are favored heavily for most standard applications because of their low cost, durability, and stability, but we do offer a wide variety of other sensors for different applications such as Cernox sensors for high magnetic fields, E-type thermocouples for 4 K-800 K measurements, and platinum RTDs for accurate high temperature measurements.
Our wide selection of wiring and instrumentation is matched by an equally wide selection of temperature controllers from Cryocon, Lake Shore, and Scientific Instruments.
Whether the measurement is optical or electrical in nature, the sample large or small, we have a sample holder for almost any measurement. The CS204*B can accept all but our largest sample holders. Like all of our cold fingers, the DE-204 has a 1/4-28 threaded hole on the cold tip to mount the sample holder. So even if you do not find what you need from our wide variety of sample holders there is always the option of attaching a custom sample holder.
The water cooled ARS-4HW compressor that powers the DE-204 Series cold heads has many benefits that are amplified in small laboratory settings. The water cooling redirects heat energy that would otherwise be dumped into the lab by a large cooling fan. The lack of a large cooling fan also dramatically reduces the noise of these compressors (only 60 dBA). Additionaly with minimum air circulation, the air currents and dust are kept to a minimum. The high efficiency heat exchanger results in low water usage and saves space inside the compressor, giving it a small footprint. When water is not available our Coolpac™ remote recirculation system can send cooling water from up to 100 feet away.
The ARS DE-204 Closed Cycle Cryocooler operates on a pneumatically driven Gifford-McMahon refrigeration cycle that is both mechanically simple and robust.
12,000-Hour Maintenance Cycle
Over time the internal components of the cold head begin to wear. Eventually the performance of the cold head will decline and some time after 12,000 hours certain internal components need to be replaced or refurbished. With most closed cycle cryocoolers the only option is to send the cold head back to the manufacturer for service.
A Second Option
The simplicity of the ARS pneumatically driven cryocooler allows for another option. Our customers can purchase a service kit for our 10 K and 5.5 K cryocoolers that replaces all of the worn components. This service kit can be ordered ahead of time and reduce down time to a matter of hours instead of weeks.
|DE-204||Closed Cycle Cryocooler
|Refrigeration Type||Pneumatically Driven Gifford-McMahon Cycle|
|Liquid Cryogen Usage||None, Cryogen Free|
|DE-204AB||< 10 K - 350 K|
|DE-204SB||< 4.2 K - 350 K|
|DE-204PB||< 6 K - 350 K|
|With 800 K Interface||(Base Temp + 2 K) - 800 K|
|With 450 K Interface||(Base Temp + 2 K) - 450 K|
|*Based on bare cold head with a closed radiation shield, and no additional sources of experimental or parasitic heat load.|
Open radiation shield
Open radiation shield
|Sample Holder Attachment||1/4-28 screw|
|Sample Holder||View our Sample Holder Collection|
|Window Material||View our Wide Selection of Window Materials|
|Temperature Instrumentation and Control (Standard)-|
|Heater||1 - 50 ohm Thermofoil Heater Anchored on Cold Tip|
|Control Sensor||1 - Curve Matched Silicon Diode|
|Sample Sensor||1 - Calibrated Silicon Diode|
|Custom Instrumentation||Contact ARS for available Options|
|Instrumentation Skirt||True UHV Welded Stainless Steel|
|Instrumentation Ports||2 - 1.33 mini-CF|
|Instrumentation Wiring||Contact our sales staff for wiring options|
|Diameter||N/A (at the sample space)|
|Width||N/A (at the sample space)|
|Material||OFHC Copper, Nickel Plated|
|Optical Access||Open end
Radiation shield terminates 0.125" short of cold tip (customer specified)
|Overall Length||473 mm (18.63 in)
238 mm (9.36 in) standard Flange to Tip Dimension
|Motor Housing Diameter||114 mm (4.5 in)|
|Rotational clearance||200 mm (8 in) with "G" configuration|
|Size||4.5", 6", 8", 10"|
|Frequency||60 Hz||50 Hz||60 Hz||50 Hz||60 Hz||50 Hz||60 Hz||50 Hz|
|Base Temperature||< 9 K||< 9 K||< 9 K||< 9 K||< 5.5 K||< 5.5 K||< 4 K||< 4 K|
|Cooling Capacity-||4.2 K||-||-||-||-||-||-||0.2 W||0.16 W|
|10 K||2 W||1.6 W||2.7 W||2.2 W||3 W||2.4 W||4 W||3.2 W|
|20 K||9 W||7.2 W||12 W||9.6 W||8 W||6.4 W||8 W||6.4 W|
|77 K||17 W||14 W||23 W||18.4 W||14 W||11 W||14 W||11 W|
|Radiation Shield Cooling Capacity||18 W||14 W||24 W||19 W||18 W||14 W||18 W||14 W|
|(1st Stage Cooling Capacity at 77 K)|
|Maximum Cylinder Temperature||355 K||355 K||355 K||355 K|
|Cooldown Time-||20K||30 min||36 min||25 min||30 min||40 min||48 min||40 min||48 min|
|Base Temperature||60 min||72 min||50 min||60 min||90 min||96 min||90 min||108 min|
|Weight||Expander||7.7 kg (17 lbs)||7.7 kg (16 lbs)||7.7 kg (16 lbs)||7.1 kg (16 lbs)|
|Standard Voltage||Min||208 V||208 V||208 V||190 V||208 V||208 V||208 V||190 V|
|Max||230 V||220 V||230 V||210 V||230 V||220 V||230 V||210 V|
|Power Usage||Singe Phase||3.6 kW||3.0 kW||3.6 kW||3.0 kW||3.6 kW||3.0 kW||3.6 kW||3.0 kW|
|Dimensions:||L||483 mm (19 in)||483 mm (19 in)||483 mm (19 in)||483 mm (19 in)|
|W||434 mm (17.1 in)||434 mm (17.1 in)||434 mm (17.1 in)||434 mm (17.1 in)|
|H||516 mm (20.3 in)||516 mm (20.3 in)||516 mm (20.3 in)||516 mm (20.3 in)|
|Weight||Compressor||73 kg (137 lbs)||73 kg (160 lbs)||73 kg (137 lbs)||73 kg (160 lbs)|
|Typical Maintenance Cycle||30,000 hours||30,000 hours||30,000 hours||30,000 hours|
True UHV Cryostat
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